CentOS 7 - Basic Setup

Update OS with to Latest

sudo yum install epel-release -y
sudo yum update -y

with root login

useradd cent
passwd cent
# prompts for password, give your secret strong password
usermod cent -aG wheel 

Setup hostname

if hostname doesn't end with domain name

mail from system may be rejected

sudo hostname server1.silkboard.in
### Verify using `hostname` -> it will show server1.silkboard.in

Remove firewalld

sudo systemctl mask firewalld
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo yum remove firewalld-y

Setup Timezone

if you are from india execute below lines, otherwise check your timezone here

sudo rm /etc/localtime
sudo ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Kolkata /etc/localtime

Disable Root login

SSH server settings are stored in the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file.

To disable root logins, make sure you have the following entry PermitRootLogin no*

sudo sed -i 's/#PermitRootLogin yes/PermitRootLogin no/p' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sudo systemctl restart sshd
## next execute disable selinux 

Disable SELinux


sudo sed -i 's/enforcing/disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config /etc/selinux/config
sudo reboot
#### To Verify try ssh root@server1.silkboard.in --->> it should say **permission denied, please try again** after entering password

wait for sometime to reboot

Login as cent user

ssh cent@server1.silkboard.com

Setup Git

sudo yum install git -y
git config --global user.name "$USER $(hostname)"
git config --global user.email "$USER@$(hostname)"

Setup SSH Keys

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "$(git config --global user.email)"
# first enter
# second enter
cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
  • add it to github(https://github.com/settings/ssh/new) if you need to pull code without password

Ensure ssh-agent is enabled

eval "$(ssh-agent -s)"
ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Install iptables

sudo yum -y install iptables-services
sudo systemctl start iptables
sudo systemctl enable iptables

Configure iptables

sudo iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
sudo iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
sudo iptables -F
#keep established connections
sudo iptables -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

#ssh port for all
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

App - If you use nginx and ssl

sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
DB - only if mysql server
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT


sudo iptables -I INPUT 1 -i lo -j ACCEPT

Note: should always be last

sudo iptables -A INPUT -j DROP

Finally Save Rules

sudo service iptables save
sudo systemctl restart iptables